Untermarkt, Freiberg

Untermarkt, Freiberg

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Freiberg Antiquities Association

The Freiberg Antiquities Association FAV was founded on March 14, 1860 as one of the oldest urban history associations in Central Germany under the leadership of Heinrich Gerlach . Urban preservation , monument preservation and historical research were the focus of the activities of the Freiberg Association until it was dissolved after 1945. By 1942, 71 issues of the communications of the Freiberg Antiquities Association had been published .

The Freiberg City and Mining Museum emerged from the museum founded in 1861, which made the antiquity collection and library of the association accessible to the public . This collection grew rapidly, so that the association received the old high school building next to Freiberg Cathedral on Untermarkt , which had been renovated by the city , where the museum was reopened in 1903 in the presence of the Saxon king.

The association was re-established in 1990 the first chairman was Ulrich Thiel. Jürgen Bellmann has been running the association since 2001. Since then, the association has developed a lively publication activity:

  • Announcements of the Freiberg Antiquities Association
  • Monument topography Freiberg (articles, 3 volumes)
  • Andreas Möller History Prize booklets
  • Proceedings Duke Heinrich the Pious (1473–1541).

The association also shows initiative outside Freiberg and has organized a meeting of all local chronicles in the Freiberg district once a year since 1995 .

Cultivation (cavity)

A cultivation , also breeding (from aizucht ) is an artificially created subterranean cavity that serves to drain water.

In some medieval cities, the landowner's duty to keep his sewage away from neighbors resulted in ramified cultivation systems which, in addition to surface water, also drain sewage and seepage water from the buildings and flow into natural watercourses.

For example, in the Saxon town of Freiberg at depths of up to 7 m below land, buildings and streets, the cultivars still serve this purpose today. The wastewater is no longer discharged into the cultivations, but into the local sewer system.

In rural areas, too, especially in mountainous areas such as the Jizera Mountains and the Giant Mountains , smaller breeding systems emerged, which served to protect the villages from strong water influx during thaws or rainfall, or to prevent the swamping and acidification of meadows and pastures.

Museum history

In 1860, history-conscious citizens founded the Freiberg Altertumsverein under the direction of the book printer's owner Heinrich Gerlach, which collected a wealth of historical objects and originally exhibited them in the box room of the municipal department store on Obermarkt (Obermarkt 16). Due to cramped conditions, the association moved in 1903 to today's specially renovated museum building on Untermarkt .

On May 7, 1903, the museum was inaugurated in the presence of the Saxon King Georg and was named King Albert Museum . The Antiquities Association then intensified its collecting activities and closed large gaps in the collection of objects from mining and folklore objects.

Since then, research by the association has been published in the publication series "Messages from the Freiberg Altertumsverein". The photographic documentation of buildings and landscapes suggested by the association now forms the basis for the museum's extensive photo collection. In accordance with the principles of the time, all collection items were displayed in the exhibitions, so no museum depots were used yet .

In 1926 the museum was redesigned, the collections scientifically structured and depots set up. A high point in the museum's history was the “750 Years of German Ore Mining” exhibition in 1938 as part of Freiberg's 750th anniversary. In order to accommodate the special show, all permanent exhibitions in the building had to be cleared. In addition, a three-sided arcade was built in the courtyard area of ​​the Am Dom 1 and 2 buildings . On January 1, 1939, for financial reasons, the museum was completely taken over by the city ​​and given the name City and Mining Museum , which programmatically expressed the content and profile of the museum.

During the Second World War some of the collections were outsourced. Towards the end of the war, the Wehrmacht set up the warehouse of an army medical park in the museum building. After the war, the museum was used by the Soviet occupying forces as a radio collection point and tire store for a short time. The first special exhibition was opened in February 1946, and the entire museum on November 24, 1946. Since the 1950s, some construction work has been carried out on the museum buildings and, after 1990, a complete renovation.

Ulrich Thiel has headed the museum since 1989. Due to differences due to the new museum concept decided by the city in July 2017 and the planned sale of the canons' houses Am Dom 2 and 3 used as a storage facility, Thiel retired on January 31, 2018. Andrea Riedel was appointed as the new head.


Location Edit

The town lies on the northern declivity of the Ore Mountains, with the majority of the borough west of the Eastern or Freiberger Mulde river. Parts of the town are nestled in the valleys of Münzbach and Goldbach streams. Its centre has an altitude of about 412 m above NHN (at the railway station). Its lowest point is on Münzbach on the town boundary at 340 m above NHN its highest point is on an old mining tip at 491 m above NHN . Freiberg lies within a region of old forest clearances, subsequently used by the mining industry which left its mark on the landscape. The town is surrounded to the north, southeast and southwest by woods, and in the other directions by fields and meadows. Since the beginning of the 21st century an urbanised area has gradually developed which is formed by the towns of Nossen, Roßwein, Großschirma, Freiberg and Brand-Erbisdorf. It has currently about 75,000 inhabitants.

Freiberg is located about 31 kilometres (19 miles) west-southwest of Dresden, about 31 kilometres east-northeast of Chemnitz, about 82 kilometres (51 miles) southeast of Leipzig, and about 179 kilometres (111 miles) south of Berlin and about 120 kilometres (75 miles) northwest of Prague.

Freiberg lies on a boundary between two variants of the Saxon dialect: the Southeast Meissen dialect (Südostmeißnisch) to the east and the South Meissen dialect (Südmeißnisch) to the west of the town, both belonging to the five Meissen dialects, as well as just north of the border of the dialect region of East Erzgebirgisch.

Expansion of the town Edit

The nucleus of the town, the former forest village of Christiansdorf lies in the valley of the Münzbach stream. The unwalled town centre grew up on its two slopes and on the ridge to the west. This means inter alia that the roads radiating outwards east of the old main road axis (today Erbische Straße and Burgstraße running from the former Erbisch Gate (Erbischer Tor) on Postplatz to Freudenstein Castle), some of which run as far as the opposite side of the Münzbach valley, are very steep. The area located east of the main road axis is called Unterstadt ("Lower Town"), with its lower market or Untermarkt. The western area is the Oberstadt ("Upper Town") where the Obermarkt or "Upper Market" is situated. The town centre is surrounded by a green belt running along the old town wall. In the west, this belt, in which the ponds of the Kreuzteichen are set, broadens out into an area like a park. Just north of the town centre, is Freudenstein Castle as well as the remnants of the town wall with several wall towers and Schlüsselteich pond in front of them. The remains of the wall run eastwards, in sections, to the Donats Tower. This area is dominated by the historic moat. The southern boundary of the old town is characterised in places by buildings from the Gründerzeit period. The B 101 federal road, here called Wallstraße, flanks the west of the town centre, the B 173, as Schillerstraße and Hornstraße, bounds it to the south.

Freiberg's north is dominated by the campus of its University of Mining and Technology. The main part of the campus on either side of Leipziger Straße (as the B 101 road, the most important transport link in this district) emerged in the 1950s and 1960s. Furthermore, the districts of Lossnitz, Lößnitz and Kleinwaltersdorf are found here, extending almost out to the boundary of the borough. Between Kleinwaltersdorf and Lößnitz is the Nonnenwald wood, and east of Leipziger Straße is a trading estate.

Freiberg : A Small City with a Big Heart

With its quaint historic downtown, Freiberg is an ideal location for cultural enthusiasts and nature lovers. The former mining region also offers numerous opportunities for weekend excursions, for example, into the Erzgebirge (Ore Mountains).

Markt . © Noack/DAAD

Facts & Figures

Welcome to Freiberg

In the middle of Saxony between the cities of Dresden and Chemnitz lies the former mining town of Freiberg.

Crafts and trades played an important role in the daily lives of Freiberg&rsquos citizens for over 800 years. The history of the city is not only reflected in the degree programmes at the Technical University, but also in numerous locations downtown. For example, you&rsquoll discover the traditional miners&rsquo greeting &ldquoGlück auf!&rdquo painted on numerous buildings in town.

Glück Auf – The traditional miners' greeting . © Noack/DAAD

You can gain a first-hand impression of local customs at the annual city fairs. The &ldquoHüttenparade&rdquo (Ironworks Parade) is regularly held during the Bergstadtfest and the Christmas Market. It refers back to the time when the miners would parade through the streets of town in clean clothes on holidays. This was a special tradition as they normally spent their live-long day working in the dark mining pits. There are no more miners in Freiberg anymore, but the tradition lives on. Nowadays members of the &ldquoMountain and Mining Association&rdquo march through the streets in town to celebrate their heritage.

Freiberg is home to the world&rsquos oldest university devoted to the mining sciences &ndash the Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg (Freiberg Mining Academy and University of Technology). The core areas of instruction and research include mineralogy, the exploration and processing of raw materials, and naturally, the mining sciences. The academic programmes have a strong practical orientation. The university operates a research and training mine where students can apply the knowledge they&rsquove gained in their lectures and seminars in a real-world setting.

Donat Tower and historic city wall . © Noack/DAAD

Freiberg&rsquos historic downtown is extremely well preserved. Walking through the Donat Gate, you pass the Donat Tower and the historic city walls and enter the medieval city centre. Here you can marvel at the ancient layout of the town which dates back to the 12 th century. When you arrive at the &ldquoUntermarkt&rdquo, you can enjoy a wonderful panoramic view of St. Peter&rsquos Church and the cathedral. A few steps further, you can peer down the narrow streets leading to the city castle and lined with picturesque buildings.

Living in Freiberg

Freiberg is a peaceful town with a strong sense of community. Thanks to the university, the city offers a wide range of recreational and cultural activities. It&rsquos especially important to Freiberg&rsquos residents to help their guests become well-integrated. You&rsquoll have no problems making contact with the locals. The university also organises language tandems with families in the region. If you participate, you can join a Freiberg family in celebrating Christmas, one of the most important holidays of the year for German families.

My tip

Try a Freiberg &ldquoEierschecke&rdquo. It&rsquos a local specialty you can order at one of the many cafés in town that tastes delicious with coffee or tea on a Sunday afternoon.

The Freiberger Theater is very special. Founded in 1790, it&rsquos the only theatre which has been operated in its original form ever since, which makes it the oldest city theatre in the world. Today it presents plays, musicals and philharmonic concerts on a regular basis. As a student you are eligible for concession rates on theatre tickets.

Church of St. Jakobi . © Noack/DAAD

The Bergstadtfest takes place at the last weekend in June every year. More than 160,000 people congregate on the marketplace to listen to concerts, stroll through the streets lined with market stands and enjoy the locally-produced beer.

If you plan on taking an excursion outside of town, you should definitely visit the old mining tunnels. There are many small towns and forests in the surrounding region which you can easily visit by bike, such as the Tharandter Forest. If you want to go out for the night, you&rsquoll find lots of students at the "Shine Bar". There are also international evenings, WG (flat-share) parties and evening events at the university.

If you get &ldquocabin fever&rdquo, you can always hop a train and take a quick trip to Chemnitz or Dresden. And if you want to visit a major city like Prague or Berlin, bus travel is a cheap and fast alternative.

Interview with Karan Shah from India

Karan is 25 years old, comes from India and studies International Management of Resources and Environment at the TU Freiberg.

Karan Shah . © Noack/DAAD

Why did you decide to study in Germany?

After graduating from university, I worked in India for three years. Then I had the goal of getting my MBA abroad, and I quickly decided to do it in Germany. I like the culture and I wanted to learn a new language. Because the MBA programme in Freiberg is specially designed for engineers, I immediately knew that the university and the degree programme would be a good fit.

How did you prepare for your studies in Freiberg?

The preparations were easy since the Studentenwerk in Freiberg gave me a lot of help. After I received notification of admission, I inquired about getting a flat. They immediately assigned me an inexpensive room. The university also offers language courses. I hadn&rsquot taken any language courses in India, but now I&rsquom practicing with a German family. They speak to me in German, take me on excursions and so on.

How do you like the university and Freiberg as a student town?

Freiberg is a small, but cosy city. It&rsquos an ideal place to study. It&rsquos got everything you need. The university is very good and I can concentrate on my studies. I ride my bike everywhere, which is super. Everything is close by and the cost of living is very affordable. We&rsquore a big community of international students here &ndash I&rsquom one of about 50 Indians who are currently studying in Freiberg.

Park . © Noack/DAAD

We organise an Indian evening on a regular basis and invite the entire town to attend &ndash last time we had more than 300 people come. You can also meet people very quickly through the university&rsquos Buddy Programme!

Were you able to make contact with other students quickly?

In the beginning, all of us international students always stayed together, but then we soon began doing things with the German students. Now we&rsquove become a close-knit bunch and do all sorts of things together. We often spend our afternoons in cafés. The university has a sports centre, and you can meet many new people in sport courses.

What do you like best about Germany?

The celebration customs in Germany are especially interesting to me. Even in a small town like Freiberg, there are so many parties. I have friends here who play in a band and regularly perform at parties and festivals in Freiberg. And when the band starts playing, everyone dances and lets their hair down. People here are very friendly. When I arrived at the airport in Berlin, I didn&rsquot have any Internet and I didn&rsquot know where to go. That wasn&rsquot a problem at all because people, young and old, regardless if they spoke English or not, kindly offered to help me. That was a wonderful experience.


Albrecht Koch, born in 1976 in Dresden, comes from the tradition of the Dresdner Kreuzchor. He studied sacred music and choral conucting in Leipzig. His teachers Arvid Gast, Martin Schmeding and Morten Schuldt-Jensen. Courses with personalities such as Roy Goodman, Ewald Koiman, Lars Ulrik Mortensen and Hans Fagius complemented his studies.

Since 2008 Koch has been Cathedral music director and cathedral organist in Freiberg, Saxony, where he is entrusted with the organ of 1714 from Gottfried Silbermann’s organ workshop, one of the most important Baroque instruments of the baroque period. He has met with manifold recognition for his discovery and revival of forgotten works from Saxony’s music history. With his Freiberg Cathedral Music Ensemble and chordae freybergensis he also explores the original sound of the Renaissance preserved to the present day in the form of the angel instruments in the burial chapel of the Wettin family in the Freiberg Cathedral.

Since 2010 Albrecht Koch has been the president of the Gottfried Silbermann International Society. He serves as the artistic director of the renowned music festival Silbermann-Tage held every two years and of the Gottfried Silbermann International Organ Competition. With respect to the dramaturgical design of these events, Koch attaches importance to varied programs and constantly sheds light on the manifold character of organ music and of Silbermann’s organ designs from many new sides.
He represents the city of Freiberg as an artistic director in the European Cities of Historical Organs (ECHO). Along with his musical activity at the cathedral, Albrecht Koch regularly concertizes in Germany and throughout Europe. He is regularly invited to be a juror at major international organ competitions. His other activities cover a spectrum including radio, CD and film productions.

Untermarkt, Freiberg - History

History of the museum building and of the museum itself

The museum was founded in 1861 by the Freiberger Altertumsverein (Antiquarian Society) and is one of the oldest of its kind in Saxony. The building itself was constructed around 1485 as the Domherrenhof (Residence of the Cathedral Capitulars) and is without doubt one of the most beautiful late Gothic secular buildings in the mining town. One of its most outstanding architectural features is the ‘Remter’ (refectory) with its asymmetrical central pillar from which radiates a beautiful vaulted ceiling.

After the Lutheran Reformation took hold in Freiberg in the year 1537, the building was used as a grammar school.

In 1860, a group of history-minded citizens led by printing press owner Heinrich Gerlach founded the Freiberger Altertumsverein (Freiberg Antiquarian Society), collected many items of historical value and put them on display in the so-called ‘Kastenstube’ (drinking parlour) of the municipal store at Number 16 Obermarkt.

Because of the cramped conditions, however, the Society moved into the present museum building in 1903 after it had been specially renovated for the purpose.

The museum was officially opened by Georg, King of Saxony, on 7th May 1903. It was named the König-Albert-Museum (King Albert Museum).

The Altertumsverein sought to close certain gaps in its collection over the following years, accumulating objects associated with mining and folklore. Research done by the Society appeared in a series of publications called ‘Mitteilungen des Freiberger Altertumsvereins’. It also promoted photographic documentation of buildings and the surrounding landscape, and this material now forms the basis for the extensive photo collection of the museum. The principle adhered to at that time was that all items in the collection should be on permanent display, i.e. nothing was put into storage.

In 1926, the museum was redesigned, the collections were systematically catalogued and some storage was now organised.

One of the highlights in the museum’s history came in 1938 with a special exhibition to commemorate the 750th anniversary of the city: ‘750 Jahre deutscher Erzbergbau’ (750 years of ore mining in Germany). To accommodate this special show, all the permanent exhibitions had to be temporarily removed. In addition, a three-sided portico was constructed for the occasion in the courtyard of the buildings Am Dom 1 and Am Dom 2.
On 1st January 1939, the ownership and running of the Museum was transferred to the city council for financial reasons, and it was renamed Stadt- und Bergbaumuseum (Municipal and Mining Museum) to reflect its contents and purpose.

During the Second World War, the collections were removed for safekeeping. Towards the end of the war, the German army used the museum building as a warehouse for military medical supplies. After the war, the building served the Soviet occupying forces for a short time as a depot for radio equipment and tyres. In February 1946, the museum held its first post-war exhibition and re-opened in its entirety on 24th November 1946.

A series of modifications were made to the building from the 1950s onwards, with complete renovation commencing in 1990.

In addition to its exhibitions, the museum also holds in storage an extensive collection of late Gothic sculpture, an important collection of historical firearms and examples of handicraft from Upper Saxony. The graphics collection includes drawings from the estate of Johann Christian Klengel and paintings from the estate of Hugo Koerber. The photo library of the museum contains glass negatives taken by photographer Reymann showing buildings and street views of the city, as well as exceptionally valuable records of everyday life and the working routine of the miners.

Welcome to Freiberg Municipal and Mining Museum

The museum was founded in 1861 by the Freiberger Altertumsverein (Antiquarian Association) and is one of the oldest of its kind in Saxony. Its outstanding collections are displayed in the most beautiful late-Gothic secular building of Freiberg, namely the Domherrenhof (Capitular Court).
The exhibitions, including masterpieces of miners’ art and late Gothic religious art from Upper Saxony, are quite unique.

The combination of imposing late Gothic architecture with ornate vaulting and precious objets d’art affords visitors a deep insight into the history of the mining city of Freiberg.

Highlights of the exhibitions include paintings by Lucas Cranach the Younger, the oldest candle arch in the world, unique goldsmith’s art and the oldest examples of miners’ wood carvings from Saxony.

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Aktuelle Informationen zur Lage im Museum

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Vom Gnadengroschen zur Rentenformel

Vom Gnadengroschen zur Rentenformel ( 4. Juli 2020 bis 11. April 2021 (verlängert))

Untermarkt, Freiberg - History

Freiberg's city centre is like a walk-in museum. More than 500 monuments and an undestroyed historic city centre surrounded by parts of the city wall bear witness to the former silver wealth.

And the nice thing about it: Freiberg's city centre can be easily explored on foot. Here we present a recommended route through the city centre and the most important sights. Let yourself be enchanted by the Old Town and look out for the typically high gabled roofs and the richly decorated stone portals with mining motifs that you will encounter on your tour.

And if your feet do need a break, you can linger in one of Freiberg's Cafes.

1. Schloßplatz (Castle sqare)

Our tour begins directly on Schloßplatz (Castle square) at the "Silbermann House", which also houses the Tourist-Information and a lovingly furnished historical demonstration workshop. The famous organ builder Gottfried Silbermann lived and worked in this house

Freiberg, Sachsen

Freiberg är en stad och huvudort i Landkreis Mittelsachsen i norra Erzgebirge i Sachsen, Tyskland. [ 4 ] Staden hade har cirka 41𧄀 invånare. Staden är känd framför allt för sin tidigare gruvdrift och för sitt universitet, Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg.

Watch the video: Johannisbad Freiberg