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Eleanor Roosevelt ((New York, October 11, 1884 - November 7, 1962), was the wife of the President of the United States Franklin Delano Roosevelt, and has gone down in history as an activist for women's rights and for her role chairing the United Nations Commission on Human Rights after becoming a widow.
In addition, it is one of the main responsible for the approval of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, in the year 1948.
It is one of the First ladies most popular in the U.S., and one of the most influential leaders of the 20th century.
Life of Eleanor Roosevelt
At the age of two, Eleanor Roosevelt was orphaned of her mother and soon after lost a brother.
His father was an alcoholic that he was admitted to a sanatorium and threw himself out of a window. Although he survived, he died shortly after a stroke delirium tremens.
As for his older brother, he also died as an adult due to problems with alcohol.
Eleanor was raised by her grandmother, who did not hesitate to commit her to various centers and with whom she never had an emotional relationship.
One of the curiosities about his life is that maintained a great friendship with Amelia Earhart, even going so far as to obtain permission to fly, something that he finally did not do because Franklin D. Roosevelt did not agree.
However, that did not prevent him from maintaining a great correspondence with Earhart until the time of his disappearance.
Marriage to Roosevelt and private life
its marriage to Franklin D. Roosevelt, his father's fifth-degree cousin, was frowned upon by his mother, who never held her daughter-in-law in esteem.
Eleanor also never enjoyed sex with her husband. Despite this, the couple had six children:
Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (1906–1975)
James Roosevelt II (1907–1991)
Franklin Roosevelt (1909-1909)
Elliott Roosevelt (1910–1990)
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Jr. (1914–1988)
John Aspinwall Roosevelt II (1916–1981)
A historical debate is if Eleanor Roosevelt had romances with women. It is known that she accepted lesbianism and that she had many friends, but historians and researchers in her life do not agree on whether she had a physical relationship with journalist Lorena Hickok.
J. Edgar Hoover, the first director of the FBI, despised the liberalism that characterized Eleanor, with which he decided to investigate and monitor her, generating a large file about her.
In it, thousands of letters from the correspondence with HickokAlthough it is not clear if their relationship was physical or simply platonic.
An activist life
Eleanor Roosevelt He had an intense professional, political and social life. As a convinced feminist, actively participated in the League of Women Voters, in the Trade Union Women's League and in the Democratic Party Women's Division.
She was a great speaker, participating in 350 press conferences for women journalists and countless radio shows.
His column in the newspaper My dayIt was one of the most followed at the time.
During theGreat Depression traveled extensively around the countrypromoting theNew Deal, and being already a widow, during theWWII and visited the troops on different battle fronts including the Pacific islands.
But it was, participating in the United Nations, where he presided over the UN Human Rights Committee when his life took on a special relevance. During his tenure he played a key role in the approval of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Images: Public domain
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